Screening for Type 2 Diabetes
by Karen Schroeder Kassel, MS, RD, MEd
Finding diabetes can help to decrease complications. It may also find a condition called prediabetes. This is a blood glucose level that is high but not yet diabetes. It will often move on to type 2 diabetes. Finding it early may help to prevent diabetes from starting.
Screening tests are given to people who may be at high risk.
American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in the following:
Screening may be repeated again in 3 years.
The HbA1c test is a good indicator of your average blood glucose levels over the past 2-4 months. This test usually does not require any dietary restrictions.
Fasting Plasma Glucose
With this blood test, you need to fast (not eat anything) for at least 8 hours before the test.
Two-Hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
After fasting overnight, the doctor tests your glucose level. You are then asked to drink 75 grams of glucose dissolved in water. Two hours later, the doctor tests your glucose level again.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2018. Diabetes Care. 2018 Jan; 41(Suppl 1):S1-172 PDF. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed December 3, 2018.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 screening. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated November 12, 2018. Accessed December 3, 2018.
Prediabetes. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T181358/Prediabetes. Updated November 16, 2018. Accessed December 3, 2018.
Last reviewed December 2018 by James P. Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 12/3/2018
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.