Conditions InDepth: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
by Michael Jubinville, MPH
The urinary tract is a system of organs. Wastes are filtered from the blood to make urine. It moves through the tract until it passes from the body.
The urinary system is made up of:
A UTI can happen in any of these structures.
A UTI happens when bacteria on the skin, genitals, or rectal area get into the urethra. Once there, they grow and spread. A UTI can also be caused by:
Many types of bacteria can cause a UTI. Rarely, they can be caused by fungi. In children, they can be caused by viruses.
What are the risk factors for a urinary tract infection?
What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?
How is a urinary tract infection diagnosed?
What are the treatments for a urinary tract infection?
Are there screening tests for a urinary tract infection?
How can I reduce my risk of getting a urinary tract infection?
What questions should I ask my doctor?
What is it like to live with chronic urinary tract infections?
Where can I get more information about urinary tract infections?
Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/urinary-tract-infections-utis/bacterial-urinary-tract-infections-utis. Updated June 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Definition & facts. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/bladder-infection-uti-in-adults/definition-facts. Updated March 2017. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) (pyelonephritis and cystitis). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated June 4, 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Urinary tract infections in adults. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/urinary-tract-infections-in-adults. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 9/20/2018
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.