Surgical Site Infection
(SSI; Surgical Wound Infection)
by Patricia Griffin Kellicker, BSN
A surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection linked to recent surgery. Most SSIs involve just the skin. Some may infect deep tissue or organs.
The sooner an SSI is treated, the better the outcome.
Bacteria are the most common cause of SSIs.
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that may increase your chance an SSI are:
An SSI may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and past heath. Your wound will be checked.
Tests may include the following:
Treatment options include:
American College of Surgeons
Centers for Disease Control
Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons
Healthcare-associated infections (HAI). Centers for Disease Control website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/hai. Updated July 14, 2017. Accessed September 5, 2017.
Stevens DL, Bisno AL, Chambers HF, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections: 2014 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;59(2):e10-e52.
Surgical site infection—prevention. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed... . Updated September 4, 2018. Accessed October 2, 2018.
Suspected surgical site infection - approach to the patient. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dyname... . Updated August 20, 2018. Accessed October 2, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Donald W. Buck II, MD
Last Updated: 10/2/2018
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.