Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
by Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Bipolar disorder causes mood swings. A person with it may feel very high or low and without hope. Often, there are times of steady moods in between these highs and lows. There may also be a change in energy and actions. The highs are called manic episodes. The lows are called depressive episodes.
Low moods may cause:
High moods may cause:
A mild to medium level of mania is called hypomania. It may feel good to the person who has it. A person be able to get more things done. It can become mania or can switch to depression if it is not treated.
A person may also have:
Sometimes, mania, or depression turns into symptoms of psychosis, such as:
Some people are in danger of self-harm. A person who is thinking or talking about self-harm needs help right away.
Signs may be:
Bipolar disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114738/Bipolar-disorder. Updated September 9, 2019. Accessed October 10, 2019.
Bipolar disorder in adults. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at:
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Updated October 2018. Accessed October 10, 2019.
Yatham LN, Kennedy SH, et al. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) 2018 guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2018 Mar;20(2):97-170 Bipolar Disord 2018 Mar;20(2):97.
Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated 12/11/2020
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