by Mary Calvagna, MS
Research has shown numerous benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and infant. If you decide to breastfeed, here are some helpful tips to get you off to a good start.
The First Time You Breastfeed
The position that you use to breastfeed the first few times will depend on whether you had a vaginal delivery or a cesarean delivery. The nurse at the hospital can help you determine which position works best for you.
Once you are ready to begin, follow these steps from the American Academy of Family Physicians:
Important Tips for Breastfeeding
Before you give birth, try to learn as much about breastfeeding as possible. Here are some tips for successful breastfeeding:
Learning When to Breastfeed Your Baby
Human milk is more easily digested than formula. You can feed your baby as much as your baby wants.
Your baby may feed 8-12 times a day or more. Many newborns nurse as often as every 2 hours, regardless of whether it is day or night. Let your baby feed on demand—not on a strict schedule. Later, your baby will be able to hold more milk and go for longer times between feedings, settling into a more predictable pattern.
Signs That Your Baby Is Getting Enough Milk
According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, signs that your baby is getting enough milk include:
Eating for Two
Most importantly, a breastfeeding mom needs to eat a well-balanced diet. You need to be eating fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, meats or beans, and milk and dairy foods.
It is essential that you get plenty of calcium. For a woman who is breastfeeding, the calcium recommendations are:
You will need to increase your overall calories—about 500 calories a day more than you usually consume. And it is important that you drink plenty of fluids while you breastfeed.
Generally speaking, anything you eat should be fine for your baby. If you do eat something that you think may be bothering your baby (foods cited by some mothers includedairy, garlic, onion, citrus, peanuts), simply remove it from your diet.
Caffeine and alcohol can get into your milk. It is a good idea to limit how much of these you consume. In addition, smoking cigarettes has been shown to cause a decrease in milk production for the mother. It also increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) as well as respiratory and ear infections in the baby.
And Last, But Not Least...
A nursing mother needs rest. Let the people around you help with the day-to-day activities so that you can have some down time. Try to get as much sleep as possible. Although it may seem like your new baby will never sleep through my night, it will eventually happen.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Women's Health—Department of Health and Human Services
Women's Health Matters
Breastfeeding. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115517/Breastfeeding. Updated October 19, 2016. Accessed October 24, 2016.
Breastfeeding: Hints to help you get off to a good start. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated November 2014. Accessed October 24, 2016.
Calcium intake and supplementation. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated November 4, 2015. Accessed October 24, 2016.
Medicine while breastfeeding. Love Your Baby website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed October 24, 2016.
Last reviewed October 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 11/25/2014
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.
All rights reserved.