Risk Factors for Hearing Loss

A risk factor raises the chances of getting a health problem. A person can have hearing loss with or without the ones listed here. But the more a person has, the greater the chances are of getting it.

Hearing loss is more common in older adults because it is part of aging. Genetic problems like Usher syndrome can also raise the risk for hearing loss. In infants, it is more common in babies who are premature or those who have a low birth weight.

Being Around Loud Noise

Being around loud noises raises the risk of hearing loss. Loud sounds can cause harm to the hearing nerve and hair cells in the inner ear. It can be caused by one loud noise, such as an explosion, or by repeated loud sounds over time, such as loud machinery at work or loud music.

Some Medicines

Some medicines can harm hearing, such as antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs. High doses of aspirin can also raise the risk of short-term hearing loss or ringing in the ear.

Health Problems

Some health problems can raise the risk of hearing loss, such as meningitis, Meniere disease, and tumors.



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Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 05/08/2020

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