(Jumper's Knee; Patellar Tendonitis; Patellar Tendinosis; Quadriceps Tendonitis; Infrapatellar Tendinopathy; Patellar Apicitis)
by Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Patellar tendinopathy is an injury to the tendon that joins the kneecap to the lower leg bone.
The problem is caused by overuse.
This problem is more common in teens and people under the age of 40. It is also more common in people who do things that involve jumping, such as volleyball and basketball.
Other things that may raise the risk are:
This problem causes pain below the kneecap. It often worse during physical activity and when flexing the knee.
The knee may also be swollen and stiff.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your knee. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.
Images may be done to confirm the diagnosis. This can be done with:
The goal is to ease pain and improve movement. This may be done with:
Procedures or surgery may be done if other methods have not helped.
The risk of this problem may be lowered by slowly increasing the length and duration of activities.
The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
OrthoInfo—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
Patellar tendinopathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/patellar-tendinopathy . Updated May 16, 2019. Accessed March 26, 2020.
Patellar tendon tear. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated February 2016. Accessed March 26, 2020.
Schwartz A, Watson JN, et al. Patellar Tendinopathy. Sports Health. 2015 Sep;7(5):415-420.
Last reviewed February 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Teresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS
Last Updated: 3/26/2020
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.