(Epistaxis; Bloody Nose)
by Amy Scholten, MPH
A nosebleed is blood flowing from inside the nose.
There are two types:
Nosebleeds may be caused by:
Nosebleeds can happen at any age. They are more common in children less than age 11. They are also more common in adults over age 50. Things that raise the risk are:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
If bleeding is severe, tests may be done. They may be:
Treatment depends on how bad the nosebleed is. Most nosebleeds stop within 15 minutes. Some nosebleeds are more serious. They need medical care. Options are:
Some nosebleeds may be prevented by:
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
Epistaxis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/epistaxis. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Nosebleeds. American Academy of Otolaryngology website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed January 29, 2021.
Nosebleeds. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/nosebleeds. Accessed January 29, 2021.
Womack JP, Kropa J, et al. Epistaxis: outpatient management. Am Fam Physician. 2018;98(4):240-245.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Shawna Grubb, RN
Last Updated: 3/2/2021
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