Myofascial Pain Syndrome
My-o-fay-shul Pan Sin-drom
by Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Trigger points are small sites of tight muscles. With myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), pressure on trigger points results in pain in other parts of the body.
The cause of MPS isn’t clear.
Trigger points causes are:
The trigger point can stay even after the cause of it has healed.
MPS may be more common in women.
Here are some symptoms of MPS:
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will look for areas that are painful. The doctor may diagnose you based on your symptoms and whether you have trigger points.
Treatment will start by finding out what makes the pain worse. This can help your doctor or physical therapist build a plan to treat you.
Stop things that make your MPS worse. Muscle stretching and strengthening exercises will be used. They can help reduce tension in trigger points.
Other steps that may help are:
Your workplace should be designed for ease of use and comfort. Ask about ergonomic support in your workplace. It can help reduce stress. Some examples are learning the right lifting techniques, improving your posture, and sitting the right way.
American Physical Therapy Association
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Physiotherapy Association
Myofascial pain syndrome: Cleveland Clinic website. Available at:
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Updated July 7, 2014. Accessed June 12, 2018.
Myofascial pain syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed... . Updated December 4, 2017. Accessed June 12, 2018.
Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD
Last Updated: 6/12/2018
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