(PMS; Premenstrual Tension Syndrome)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of physical and emotional symptoms that happen 1 to 2 weeks before the start of a woman's period.
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The exact cause of PMS is not known. Hormone changes happen in women around their period. Overall health, daily habits, and other factors may make some people more sensitive to these changes.
PMS is more common in women who are 25 to 40 years of age. Other things that may raise the risk are:
- Stopping birth control pills
- Major life stress
PMS may cause:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and health history. A physical exam may be done.
You may be asked to keep a log of your symptoms. It will include when your symptoms start and stop and the date of your period. The doctor will assume PMS based on these details.
The goal of treatment is to ease PMS symptoms. More than one method will be needed. Choices are:
Stress can trigger PMS and make symptoms worse. Relaxation methods like music or deep breathing may help. Massage and hot baths may also help ease tension in the body.
- Premenstrual syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/premenstrual-syndrome.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/premenstrual-syndrome.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Office on Women's Health website. Available at: https://www.womenshealth.gov/menstrual-cycle/premenstrual-syndrome.
- Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG
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