A bunion is a painful lump at the base of the big toe. Over time, it causes the tip of the big toe to turn toward the other toes. The big toe may also overlap the second or third toe.
Copyright © 2002 Nucleus Communications, Inc. All rights reserved.http://services.epnet.com/getimage.aspx?imageiid=24652465BA00027.jpgBunionNULLjpgBunionNULL\\filer01\Intellect\images\BA00027.jpgCopyright © 2002 Nucleus Communications, Inc. All rights reserved.94NULL2002-10-013912122465_11992Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
The exact cause of bunions is not known. Genes may play a role.
Bunions are more common in women and older adults. They are also more common in people who have family members with bunions. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Bunions may cause:
- Pain in the big toe and second toe
- Problems moving the big toe
- Redness and swelling
- A firm lump on the inside edge of the foot at the base of the big toe
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A foot exam will be done. It is diagnosed based on the exam.
The goal of treatment is to ease pain and improve movement. Options are:
There are no methods to lower the risk of getting a bunion.
It is important to ease pressure on the bunion. This may be done with:
- Shoes that are wide and deep
- Shoe inserts
- Bunion surgery. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery website. Available at: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/treatment/bunion-surgery.
- Bunions. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery website. Available at: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/bunions.
- Hallux valgus and bunion. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/hallux-valgus-and-bunion.
- Teresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS
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