An umbilical hernia is soft tissue that has pushed through the belly button. It is common in newborns.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.http://services.epnet.com/getimage.aspx?imageiid=81368136EC_00118_abdominal hernia.jpgAbdominal HerniaNULLjpgEC_00118_abdominal herniaNULL\\hgfiler1\intellect\images\EC_00118_abdominal hernia.jpgNULL30NULL2010-09-223142978136_854506279390Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
A hernia is caused by a weakness in the belly wall. The muscles of the baby’s belly do not close tightly around the belly button. This causes soft tissue to poke out through the opening.
This problem is more common in Black babies. Other things that may raise the risk are:
- Being born too early
- Low birth weight
This problem does not often cause symptoms. A bulge may be seen around the belly button. This may happen when the baby cries, coughs, or passes stool.
The doctor will ask about the baby's symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will make the diagnosis based on the exam.
Most hernias will close on their own within the first 5 years of life.
Sometimes a hernia does not close. Surgery will be done to put the tissue back into place. Surgery may also be needed for hernias that are causing problems, such as blocking the intestine or blood flow. These will need surgery right away.
There are no current guidelines to prevent an umbilical hernia.
- Umbilical cord care. American Academy of Pediatrics Healthychildren.org website. Available at: https://healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/bathing-skin-care/Pages/Umbilical-Cord-Care.aspx.
- Umbilical hernia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/umbilical-hernia-in-infants-and-children.
- Chelsea Skucek, MSN, BS, RNC-NIC
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