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Health Information Center

Screening For Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Publication Type:

Condition InDepth

Screening For Chronic Kidney Disease

Screening tests can lead to early diagnosis and treatment. They are often given to people who do not have current symptoms, but who may be at high risk.

Screening Guidelines

Screening is advised for people who are at high risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as those who:

  • Are over 65 years of age
  • Have diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have a family history of CKD
  • Have problems with the urinary system, including other kidney related diseases

Screening Tests

Tests that may be done to find out how well the kidneys are doing include:

  • Blood tests—to find out how well the kidneys are filtering wastes from the blood. High amounts of wastes in the blood may point to a problem.
  • Urine tests to:
    • Look for proteins that should be filtered out and returned to the blood
    • Compare protein levels with one another
    • Check for minerals like calcium and potassium
    • Check the acid level of the urine


  • Chronic kidney disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease.
  • Chronic kidney disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd.
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd.
  • Overview of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/overview-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-adults.


  • Mark S. Itzkowitz, MD, JD
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.