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Screening for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

  • Amy Scholten, MPH
Publication Type:


Screening for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Screening is done to find a problem and treat it early. Tests are given to people who do not have symptoms but who may be at high risk.

Screening Tests

A digital rectal exam can detect BPH. The doctor inserts a lubricated gloved finger into the lower rectum. The doctor can then feel the size of prostate. Health issues like tumor or inflammation may also be noted.

Prostate specific antigen (PSA) increases with prostate issues such as BPH, prostate cancer, or prostatitis. A prostate specific antigen (PSA) test is not a perfect screening test. This is because PSA levels may not raise in all men with these conditions. The test may be done to look for changes to support other tests.


  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-bph.
  • Lerner LB, McVary KT, et al. Management of lower urinary tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia: AUA GUIDELINE PART I-Initial Work-up and Medical Management. J Urol. 2021;206(4):806-817.
  • Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia/ lower urinary tract symptoms (2021). American Urological Association website. Available at: https://www.auanet.org/guidelines-and-quality/guidelines/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-(bph)-guideline.
  • Prostate enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostate-enlargement-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.


  • Mark Arredondo, MD
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.