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Treatments for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

  • Amy Scholten, MPH
Publication Type:


Treatments for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Treatment is not needed for BPH that is causing no or mild symptoms. Many people with BPH will need treatment at some time. The goal of treatment is to improve the flow of urine (pee) . This should prevent urine retention and to reduce the risk of urinary infections.

Medicine or surgery may be used to treat BPH. Medicine may be used to relax the bladder or adjust hormone to shrink the prostate. It may be the choice for less severe BPH. Surgery may be needed for more severe BPH. There are several methods to remove excess prostate tissue.

Treatment involves the following:


  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-bph.
  • Homma Y, Gotoh M, et al. Clinical guidelines for male lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Int J Urol. 2017;24(10):716-729.
  • Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia/ lower urinary tract symptoms (2021). American Urological Association website. Available at: https://www.auanet.org/guidelines-and-quality/guidelines/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-(bph)-guideline.
  • Prostate enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostate-enlargement-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.


  • Mark Arredondo
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.