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Reducing Your Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

  • Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Publication Type:

Condition InDepth

Reducing Your Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

These steps can help lower the risk of kidney disease progressing to ESRD:

  • People with high blood pressure or diabetes should follow their care plans. It may include healthy habits and medicine.
  • Smoking worsens kidney disease. People who smoke should talk to their doctors about ways to quit.
  • Using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) too often can cause more harm to the kidneys. People who take them should talk to their doctors about other ways to manage problems like pain and fever.


  • Choosing a treatment for kidney failure. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidney-failure/choosing-treatment.
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-adults.
  • Complications of chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/complications-of-chronic-kidney-disease.
  • What is kidney failure? National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/KidneyFailure.


  • Mark S. Itzkowitz, MD, JD
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.