Risk Factors for End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
A risk factor is something that raises the chances of getting a health problem. A person can progress to ESRD with or without the ones listed below. The chances of getting asthma are greater in people who have many.
ESRD is more common in older adults. It is also more common in men and in people who are Black.
Other things that can raise the risk are:
- Certain health problems, such as diabetes or high blood pressure
- Kidney problems, such as acute kidney injury, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, or kidney stones
- Obesity during young adulthood
- Certain medicines, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and possibly proton pump inhibitors
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Problems with certain genes
- Lifestyle habits, such as smoking or drug use
- Choosing a treatment for kidney failure. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidney-failure/choosing-treatment.
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-adults.
- Complications of chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/complications-of-chronic-kidney-disease.
- What is kidney failure? National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/KidneyFailure.
- Mark S. Itzkowitz, MD, JD
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