Diagnosis of Kidney Stones
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and health past. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may think you have a kidney stone based on your symptoms. Testing can help find where the stone is and what type it is. Tests may include:
- Urinalysis and urine culture—To look for infection, or a higher than normal amount of minerals or other matter that cause stones.
- Blood tests—To look for higher than normal amounts of minerals or other matter that cause stones.
- Imaging tests look at structures to find the location of the kidney stone. These include:
- 24-hour urine collection—Tests look for levels of minerals and other matter that can form kidney stones such as uric acid, calcium, or oxalate.
- Stone analysis—Collected stones are looked at in a lab to see what type it is. This will help with preventing stones from happening again.
- Diagnosis of kidney stones. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-stones/diagnosis.
- Kidney stones. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneystones.
- Kidney stones. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones.
- Nephrolithiasis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114904/Nephrolithiasis-in-adults.
- Urinary calculi. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/urinary-calculi/urinary-calculi.
- Mark Itzkowitz, MD
(C) Copyright 2022 EBSCO Information Services
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com.