Symptoms of Pneumonia
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The symptoms of pneumonia include:
- Fever or below-normal temperature
- Rapid breathing
- Cough—may be dry or may produce sputum
- Increased sputum
- Chest or belly pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain through to the back
- Pain with deep breathing
- Rattle sound in the chest
- Lack of energy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Muscle aches and pains
- Lack of hunger
Severe symptoms that may occur in adults, are:
- Bluish color of the nails or lips due to lack of oxygen in the blood
Severe symptoms that may occur in babies and young children:
- Nostrils that flare when breathing
- Chest or ribs that suck in with each breath
- A grunting sound with breathing
- Community-acquired pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults.
- Community-acquired pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children.
- COVID-19: How to protect yourself and others. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html.
- Pneumonia. American Lung Association website. Available at: https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia.
- What is pneumonia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/pneumonia.
- David L. Horn, MD, FACP
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