Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Women with PMS have physical and emotional symptoms that happen 1 to 2 weeks before a menstrual period. They may be:
- Physical symptoms:
- Swelling of hands or feet
- Breast swelling and tenderness
- Muscle or back pain
- Weight gain
- Emotional symptoms:
- Irritability and mood swings
- Problems with focus
- Sleep problems
- Changes in sex drive
- Feelings of hopelessness or loss of control
- Loss of interest in people and activities
- Appetite changes, such as overeating or food cravings
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is when a woman has very severe symptoms that cause problems with function.
- Premenstrual syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/premenstrual-syndrome. Updated August 22, 2019. Accessed January 16, 2020.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/premenstrual-syndrome-pms.html. Updated July 25, 2018. Accessed January 16, 2020.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) fact sheet. Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.html. Updated March 16, 2018. Accessed January 16, 2020.
- Elliot M. Levine, MD, FACOG
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