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Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

  • Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Publication Type:

Condition InDepth

Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

Symptoms may happen in the head or neck.

Temporomandibular Joint : Areas of Pain.

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People with TMD may have:

  • Pain or muscle spasm in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or temple
  • Problems opening the mouth fully
  • A feeling of the jaw catching or locking—when opening or closing the mouth, or while chewing
  • Popping, clicking, or grating sounds or feelings—while eating and drinking
  • Pain in the jaw, face, ear, or neck
  • Headache
  • Swelling on one or both sides of the face
  • Ringing in the ears


  • Temporomandibular disorders. American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.aaoms.org/docs/practice_resources/clinical_resources/tmd_disorders.pdf. Accessed May 16, 2022.
  • Temporomandibular disorders. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/temporomandibular-disorders. Accessed May 16, 2022.
  • Temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) pain. ENThealth—American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at:https://www.enthealth.org/conditions/temporo-mandibular-joint-tmj-pain. Accessed May 16, 2022.
  • TMJ. Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/tmj. Accessed May 16, 2022.
  • TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/tmd. Accessed May 16, 2022.


  • Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.