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Screening for Esophageal Cancer

  • Amy Scholten, MPH
Publication Type:

Condition InDepth

Screening for Esophageal Cancer

Screening is done to find a problem and treat it early. Tests are given to people who do not have symptoms but who may be at high risk.

Screening Guidelines

Barrett’s esophagus is a change in the cells just above the stomach. This change is due to acid reflux. People who have it need to be screened for esophageal cancer. The screening is done with an upper GI endoscopy. This procedure allows the doctor to check the esophagus and collect tissue samples. The tissue is then examined under a microscope.


  • Esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/esophageal-and-esophagogastric-junction-cancer. Accessed March 15, 2021.
  • Esophagus cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003098-pdf.pdf. Accessed March 15, 2021.
  • Short MW, Burgers KG, et al. Esophageal Cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2017;95(1):22-28.


  • Mohei Abouzied, MD
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.