Treatments for Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
Treatment depends on the type and outlook of the MDS. It also depends on the person's age, health, and preferences. The goal of MDS treatment is to kill cancer cells. It is also to slow the pace of the disease. A stem cell transplant (SCT) is the only way to cure MDS. But it may not work for all people. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used to ease symptoms. They are also used to clear the body of cancer cells before an SCT.
Comfort measures are used in later stages of MDS. They are to ease symptoms and make the quality of life better. Some treatments may keep one type of MDS from becoming acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Blood transfusions and medicines to boost blood cell counts are common methods.
MDS is treated with:
Treatments for many cancers are always changing. Some have yet to be found. As a result, clinical trials exist around the world. Many people talk to their doctor about enrolling in a clinical trial. More information is found at the US National Institutes of Health website.
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- Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
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