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Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

  • Amy Scholten, MPH
Publication Type:

Condition InDepth

Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

The doctor will ask about symptoms, health, and family history. The testicles and nearby structures will be fully checked. The doctor will look for other causes of symptoms.

Suspicion of Testicular Cancer

Tests can help find cancer or other problems such as epididymitis. Tests may be:

  • Blood tests—Certain proteins are released into the blood as cancer grows. These markers may be higher if there is cancer.
  • Imaging tests—These tests can help look for changes in the testicle(s) and find tumors. These tests are:


  • How is testicular cancer diagnosed? Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urology-a-z/t/testicular-cancer.
  • Stages of testicular cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-treatment-pdq#section/_26.
  • Testicular cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/testicular-cancer.
  • Tests for testicular cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/how-diagnosed.html.


  • Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
Last Updated:

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.