A biopsy is a test of tissue from the body. A lab will check the sample to look for signs of change or disease.
Reasons for Procedure
This test is done to look for the cause of:
It may also be done to find out if there is cancer or to help diagnose:
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:
- Excessive bleeding
- Problems from anesthesia, such as wheezing or sore throat
Smoking may raise the risk of problems.
What to Expect
Call Your Doctor
Call the doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
- Signs of infection, such as fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, more pain, bleeding, or leaking fluid
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicine you have been given
- New or worsening symptoms
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Prior to Procedure
The biopsy team may meet with you to talk about:
- Anesthesia options
- Any allergies you may have
- Current medicines, herbs, and supplements that you take and whether you need to stop taking them before the biopsy
- Fasting before the biopsy, such as avoiding food or drink after midnight the night before
- Whether you need a ride to and from the biopsy
- Biopsies—overview. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=biopgen. Accessed September 15, 2020.
- Biopsy. Cancer.Net website. Available at: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/diagnosing-cancer/tests-and-procedures/biopsy. Accessed September 15, 2020.
- Shawna Grubb, RN
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