Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Children Age 1 to Early Teens
(Lay Rescuer CPR for Children Age 1 to Early Teens)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.
Reasons for Procedure
CPR is given to a child who is not breathing. This may be due to:
- Sudden cardiac arrest
- Cerebrovascular accident (bleeding in the brain)
- Electrical shocks and lightning strikes
- Severe infection
- Drug overdose
- Excessive bleeding
The outcome will depend on the cause and how soon effective CPR was started. Many are unable to regain a normal heartbeat after it has stopped.
It is possible that ribs will fracture or break during chest compressions. This is more likely in children with weakened bones. Other complications are also possible, such as lung puncture. However, there is greater risk of death if CPR is delayed or not done correctly.
What to Expect
Call Your Child's Doctor
Call the doctor if your child is unresponsive. If someone is with you, have that person call for emergency medical services right away. If you are alone, do CPR for about 2 minutes before calling for medical help.
- CPR steps. American Red Cross website. Available at: https://www.redcross.org/take-a-class/cpr/performing-cpr/cpr-steps. Accessed September 3, 2021.
- Pediatric basic life support (BLS). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/pediatric-basic-life-support-bls. Accessed September 3, 2021.
- Kari Kuenn, MD
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