This surgery is done to remove a tooth.
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Reasons for Procedure
Tooth extraction may be done to remove a tooth that:
- Is too badly damaged or decayed to be saved by a root canal
- Has an infected nerve
- Is affecting normal tooth growth
- Is loose due to gum disease
- Has a loss of supporting bone, gums, or tissue
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:
- Excess bleeding
- Problems from anesthesia
- Nerve damage
- Dry socket—when a blood clot does not form in the tooth socket
Things that may raise the risk of problems are:
- Chronic health problems, such as diabetes
What to Expect
Problems to Look Out For
Call the dentist if you are not getting better or you have:
- Signs of infection, such as fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, or increased pain at the site
- Increased bleeding or other leakage from the site
- Severe pain or pain that you cannot control with medicine
- Bad breath or a bad odor coming from your mouth
- Loss of the blood clot from the tooth socket
- New or worsening symptoms
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Prior to Procedure
Your dentist will meet with you to talk about:
- Anesthesia options
- Any allergies you may have
- Current medicines, herbs, and supplements that you take and whether you need to stop taking them before the procedure
- Fasting before the procedure, such as avoiding food or drink after midnight the night before
- Arranging a ride to and from the procedure
- Extractions. Mouth Healthy—American Dental Association website. Available at: https://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/e/extractions.
- Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-mronj.
- Tooth decay. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/tooth-decay.
- Mark S. Itzkowitz, MD, JD
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