Total IV Anesthesia
Total IV anesthesia (TIVA) is a type of general anesthesia. Medicine is passed into a vein during surgery.
Reasons for Procedure
TIVA is done to put a person to sleep, block pain, and relax muscles. It acts faster on the body than gas anesthesia. TIVA also has a shorter recovery time and lower risk of problems.
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:
- Problems from anesthesia, such as wheezing or sore throat
- Allergic reaction to medicine
- Breathing problems
- Nausea and vomiting
- Irregular heartbeat
- Hallucinations or vivid dreams
Things that may raise the risk of problems are:
What to Expect
Problems to Look Out For
Call the doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
- Signs of infection, such as fever and chills
- Lasting nausea or vomiting
- Lasting headache
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Confusion or memory problems
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
- Anesthesia: What is anesthesia? National Institute of General Medical Sciences website. Available at: https://www.nigms.nih.gov/education/fact-sheets/Pages/anesthesia.aspx.
- Procedural sedation and analgesia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/drug-review/procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-in-adults.
- Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) EBME website. Available at: https://www.ebme.co.uk/articles/clinical-engineering/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-tiva.
- Types of anesthesia. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/surgical_care/types_of_anesthesia_and_your_anesthesiologist_85,P01391.
- Marcin Chwistek, MD
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